Indy Gastro | Colonoscopy, rectal bleeding, diarrhea, constipation, endoscopy

Helicobacter Pylori

Definition

H. pylori is a type of bacteria—a germ that may cause infection. Symptoms usually don’t occur until adulthood, although most people never have any symptoms

Diagnosis

There are tests that can be done to determine if Helicobacter pylori is present in the stomach. One of these tests is a Urea breath test. This test is performed with a patient swallows a capsule, liquid, or pudding that contains urea “labeled” with a special carbon atom. After a few minutes, the patient breathes into a container, exhaling carbon dioxide. If the carbon atom is found in the exhaled breath, H. Pylori is present. Other tests which may be done to check for the bacteria are a stool test and a blood test. The tissue samples taken at endoscopy may also reveal the presence of this bacterium.

Diseases

  1. Gastritis and Dyspepsia: H.Pylori can lead to inflammation of the stomach lining (gastritis) and upset stomach (dyspepsia).
  2. Ulcers: The bacterium causes peptic ulcers by damaging the mucous coating that protects the stomach and duodenum. Damage to the mucous coating allows powerful stomach acid to get through to the sensitive lining beneath the bacterium causes ulcers in some people and not in others. Abdominal discomfort is the most common symptom of both duodenal and gastric ulcers.
  3. Stomach cancer and lymphoma: If infection remains for long periods of time this can increase risk of ulcers to recur or, less commonly, stomach cancer could develop.

Treatment

The bacterium is killed by taking a combination of antibiotics and medication that can help line the stomach to help relieve the redness.

Summary

H.Pylori is a bacterium that is found in the stomach. This bacterium can lead to the development of ulcers in the stomach lining. Medications can be used to treat these infections and the effects it has on the stomach.

Follow us on

Contact Indy Gastro

  • (317) 865-2955 & (800) 403-4683
  • Mailing Address

    8051 S. Emerson Ave.
    Suites 150 & 200
    Indianapolis, IN 46237

  • Contact UsView All Locatons