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Pancreas Disease

Diseases

  1. Diabetes Mellitus: This disease is caused by abnormal changes in production and release of insulin from the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that helps convert sugar in your blood stream into usable energy. The cells that are used to produce insulin are called that Islets of Langerhan.
  2. Acute Pancreatitis: A condition is which the cells of the pancreas become suddenly inflamed

Causes

  1. Heavy Alcohol ingestion
    1. Definition: In patients with alcohol caused acute pancreatitis, the treatment is to stop drinking alcohol. If the patient continues to drink alcohol, the patient may develop chronic pancreatitis.
    2. Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment: Symptoms can include upper abdominal pain (sometimes radiating straight through into the back), nausea, vomiting and weight loss.
  2. Gallstones, gallbladder disease and cholesystitis
    1. Treatment: Treatment for acute pancreatitis requires a few days’ stay in the hospital for intravenous (IV) fluids, antibiotics, and medication to relieve pain. The person cannot eat or drink so the pancreas can rest. If vomiting occurs, a tube may be placed through the nose and into the stomach to remove fluid and air. The gallstones or gallbladder may need to be removed also.
  3. Trauma Trauma to the abdomen can also cause inflammation to the pancreas or pancreatitis.
  4. Drugs Use of some medications can lead to inflammation of the pancreas. The medications most commonly causing pancreatitis are birth control pills, estrogens, and steroids (i.e., prednisone or cortisone).
  5. High blood fats (triglycerides) If patients have high triglycerides over a ample amount of time this can lead to inflammation of the pancreas.
  6. Heredity There can be conditions that a person is born with that can lead to acute pancreatitis. When someone has hereditary pancreatitis they often have repeated episodes of pancreatic inflammation.

Symptoms

Acute pancreatitis usually begins with gradual or sudden pain in the upper abdomen that sometimes extends through the back. The pain may be mild at first and feel worse after eating. But the pain is often severe and may become constant and last for several days. A person with acute pancreatitis usually looks and feels very ill and needs immediate medical attention. Other symptoms may includes swollen and tender abdomen ,nausea and vomiting ,fever and  a rapid pulse

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    Indianapolis, IN 46237

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