Indy Gastro | Colonoscopy, rectal bleeding, diarrhea, constipation, endoscopy

Anal Fissure, Fistula, Abscess

Definition

The anus is the valve located at the end of the colon that allows a person to regulate when stool is passed. One has the ability to relax the anus to pass a bowel movement.

An anal fissure is a small tear in the lining of the anal canal.


An anal fistula is a small tunnel (tract) with an internal opening in the anal canal and an external opening in the skin near the anus. Anal fistulas are classified by their location in relation to the anal sphincter muscles

An anal abscess is a collection of pus in the tissues surrounding the anus. This can be caused by anal glands that become infected. Doctor should be notified immediately if abscess is suspected.   

Diagnosis

History and physical examinations with blood and x-ray tests can usually diagnose these conditions.  

Treatment

Will vary. Depending on severity of condition medications or surgery may be needed.

Summary

Anal fissures, fistula and abscess need prompt evaluation from a doctor. These conditions will be evaluated and treated depending on clinical findings.

Organizations

  1. American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (www.asge.org
  2. American Gastroenterological Association (www.gastro.com)
  3. American College of Gastroenterology (www.acg.gi.org)

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