Indy Gastro | Colonoscopy, rectal bleeding, diarrhea, constipation, endoscopy

Eosinophilic Esophagitis

Definition

Eosinophilic esophagitis is an inflammatory condition in which the wall of the esophagus becomes filled with large numbers of eosinophils, a type of white blood cell. The hallmark of eosinophilic esophagitis is the presence of large numbers of eosinophils in the tissue just beneath the inner lining

Symptoms

Eosinophilic Esophagitis will create a feeling of difficulty with swallowing (dysphagia). The sensation that food and medications are sticking in the throat can be present.  Heart burn and chest pain can also be symptoms.

Causes

Nevertheless, the exact substance that is causing the allergic reaction in eosinophilic esophagitis is not known

Diagnosis

An exam in which a lighted tube is passed down the throat to look at the structures.  This procedure is called an endoscopy.  Samples of tissue can be taken during this procedure then examined under a microscope. These samples must be taken for a definite diagnosis to be made.

Treatment

Symptoms can often be controlled with the use of acid reducing medications called Proton Pump Inhibitors. Other treatment options could include is swallowed (not inhaled) aerosoled steroids. Again these are swallowed and not inhaled.

Summary: Eosinophilic esophagitis is an inflammation of the throat in which there is a collection of white blood cells found in the tissue in the throat. This can cause difficulty swallowing. This condition if treated with medications.

Organizations

American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - www.asge.org

American Gastroenterological Association - www.gastro.com

American College of Gastroenterology - www.acg.gi.org

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